Ceftin is used for treating bacterial infections (sinus, skin, lung, urinary tract, ear, and throat). It may also be used to treat Lyme disease and gonorrhea.
Other names for this medication:
Also known as: Cefuroxime.
Ceftin is a cephalosporin antibiotic. It works by interfering with the formation of the bacteria's cell wall so that the wall ruptures, resulting in the death of the bacteria.
Generic name of Ceftin is Cefuroxime.
Ceftin is also known as Cefuroxime axetil, Zinacef, Bacticef, Cefasun, Cefudura, Cefuhexal, Cefurax, Cefutil, Cetil, Froxime, Elobact, Oraxim, Zinnat.
Brand name of Ceftin is Ceftin.
Take Ceftin by mouth with or without food.
Swallow Ceftin whole. Do not break, crush, or chew before swallowing.
Ceftin works best if it is taken at the same time each day.
If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Ceftin suddenly. To clear up your infection completely, take Ceftin for the full course of treatment. Keep taking it even if you feel better in a few days.
If you overdose Ceftin and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.
Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.
The most common side effects associated with Ceftin are:
Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.
Do not take Ceftin if you are allergic to Ceftin components.
Ceftin should not be used for colds, flu, other virus infections, sore throats or other minor infections, or to prevent infections.
Be careful if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding.
Be careful if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement.
Be careful if you are diabetes patient. Ceftin may cause the results of some tests for urine glucose to be wrong.
To prevent pregnancy, use an extra form of birth control because hormonal birth control pills may not work as well while you are using Ceftin.
It can be dangerous to stop Ceftin taking suddenly.
ceftin brand name
The arrival of new cephalosporins faces the clinician with an evergrowing confusion as to the drug of choice. The older agents (cephalexin, cephradine, cefadroxil and cefaclor) and the newer formulations cefatrizine and cefuroxime axetil are intensively used for treatment of mild and moderate infections. The oldest agents have a better pharmacokinetic profile but are less active against Gram-positives and Gram-negatives. Cefaclor, cefatrizine and cefuroxime axetil have improved in vitro activity against H. influenzae and/or against S. aureus and M. catarrhalis. However the mean free serum concentrations after proposed standard daily doses of cefaclor (3 x 250 mg/d), cefatrizine (2 x 500 mg/d) and cefuroxime-axetil (2 x 250 mg/d) are lower than those of the older cephalosporins. In comparison amoxicillin-clavulanate is equally efficacious, has a more reliable pharmacokinetic profile and is less expensive than cefaclor and cefuroxime axetil in a comparable dose (e.g. 3 x 500 mg/d).
ceftin medication uses
All patients were skin tested with cephalothin, cefamandole, cefuroxime, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, and cefotaxime. Patients with negative results for the last 4 cephalosporins were challenged with cefuroxime axetil and ceftriaxone.
ceftin dosing pediatric
A multicenter clinical trial was conducted in 125 out-patients with skin and skin structure infections due to bacteria in order to compare the safety and efficacy of cefuroxime axetil and cefaclor. Patients with a median age of 32 years were randomly allocated to treatment for 10 days with one of three treatments: cefuroxime axetil 250 mg b.i.d., cefuroxime axetil 500 mg b.i.d., or cefaclor 250 mg t.i.d. Clinical evaluations of each patient were done pre-treatment, 2 to 4 days intra-treatment, and within 3 days post-treatment. One patient discontinued cefuroxime axetil due to severe urticaria and one patient discontinued cefaclor due to a persistent headache and vomiting. Cefuroxime axetil was an effective antibacterial agent for treatment of common skin infections. Clinically beneficial outcome was achieved for 92% (cefuroxime axetil 250 mg b.i.d.), 95% (cefuroxime axetil 500 mg b.i.d.), and 97% (cefaclor 250 mg t.i.d.) of patients. Since the study failed to demonstrate a significant advantage of higher dosage, cefuroxime axetil should be prescribed in a regimen of 250 mg twice a day for patients with skin infections.
Cefuroxime axetil (1.5 g) was compared with amoxicillin (3 g), both given as a single oral dose combined with probenecid (1 g) for the treatment of uncomplicated gonorrhea. Of 60 evaluable patients receiving amoxicillin, 55 (91.7%) were cured, whereas 55 (96.5%) of the 57 patients receiving cefuroxime axetil were cured (P greater than 0.1). Both drugs were well tolerated.
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We have used a dynamic in-vitro model to determine the killing kinetics of two formulations of cefuroxime axetil against 18 clinical strains of Haemophilus influenzae. The concentration of cefuroxime axetil was adjusted dynamically to simulate the mean serum profile in healthy volunteers following the administration of a single 250 mg dose in oral suspension or tablet form. Bacterial numbers were reduced by 3 log10 cfu/mL during the eight-hour experimental period with both dosage form simulations. Our results suggest that cefuroxime axetil, 250 mg in oral suspension or tablet form, may protect against the dissemination of H. influenzae during episodes of bacteraemia.
ceftin antibiotic dose
A total of 232 carbapenem resistant clinical isolates of A. baumannii complex were collected over the six months study period; 217 (93.5%) of these were modified Hodge test positive. All isolates were susceptible to colistin and 174 (78%) susceptible to amikacin whilst 20 (9%) were susceptible to ciprofloxacin. For tigecycline 169 (75.8%) were fully susceptible, 37 (16.6%) intermediately resistant and only 17 (7.6%) were fully resistant. None of the carbapenem resistant isolates were susceptible to ampicillin, amoxicillin/clavullanic acid, piperacillin/tazobactam, cefuroxime, cefuroxime axetil, cefoxitin, cefepime or nitrofurantoin.
ceftin urinary tract infection
A national multicentre prevalence study was undertaken to determine the bacterial strains associated with mild-to-moderate acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (AECB) in the primary care setting and the susceptibility of isolated pathogens to different antimicrobials usually prescribed to these patients. All samples were processed by a central reference laboratory. Microdilution tests were carried out to establish the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of various antimicrobials. A double-disk test was performed to establish the macrolide resistance phenotype in Streptococcus pneumoniae. Tests to detect the presence of beta-lactamase in Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis and polymerase chain reaction to detect the presence of ermB and mefA genes in S. pneumoniae isolates were also performed. A total of 1537 patients were included in the trial and 468 microorganisms were isolated from sputum samples, with the most frequent isolates being S. pneumoniae (34.8%), M. catarrhalis (23.9%) and H. influenzae (12.6%). Resistance rates of pneumococci were 47.2% for penicillin, 1.2% for amoxicillin, 34.3% for macrolides (87.5% of which showed high-level resistance), 13.6% for cefuroxime/axetil and 4.2% for levofloxacin. No bacterial isolates showed resistance to telithromycin. Empirical antibiotic treatment was prescribed to 98.3% of patients, including macrolides to 36.6%, amoxicillin with or without clavulanic acid to 32.3% and fluoroquinolones to 16.1%. In conclusion, S. pneumoniae was the most frequently isolated bacteria in patients with mild-to-moderate AECB. Despite the high rates of resistance of pneumococci to macrolides, they continue to be the most widely used antibiotics in primary care to treat AECB.
ceftin and alcohol use
Descriptive retrospective study of community primary care providers in southern Israel. Study population (n = 590) included all children aged 0-48 months diagnosed with AOM in PED during the year 2000 who had a referral letter from a community physician and an AOM diagnosis confirmed by tympanocentesis. AOM antibiotic treatment was considered appropriate when in accord with CDC and local therapeutic guidelines.
Three successful generations of cephalosporin antibiotics can be divided into parenteral and peroral substances. Both have similar antibacterial and hence therapeutical properties. It is usual to include into the first generation of peroral cephalosporins the so-called phenylglycine, or hydroxyphenylglycine derivatives. The carbacephem variant of Cefaclor (Panoral Lilly), Loracarbef, however, has improved properties and although it is a phenylglycine drug, it could be classified as a second generation cephalosporin. Here we include also the so-called ester-prodrugs: 2nd generation parenteral cephalosporins esterified in the position of C4 (cefuroxime-axetil, Zinnat, cefpodoxime-proxetil, Oralox, etc.). They are broad-spectrum antibiotics, not hydrolysed by resistant bacteria, and, hence, they are effective also against cephalosporin-(1. generation) resistant strains. New structures of cephalosporins, e.g. cefixime and ceftibuten (Cedax) could be classified as cephs of the 3rd generation. They, are stable even against destruction by strains resistant to Cefotaxime or Ceftazidime, and, thus, effective against such bacteria, whose number is expected to increase in the near future. It is concluded that the possibility to administer cephalosporins having different properties, spectrum and stability by both parenteral and peroral way is highly welcomed mainly in pediatric practice and that there are several new and promising drugs in this still developing group of antibacterials.
ceftin dosing adults
Development of resistance to available antimicrobial agents has been identified in every decade since the introduction of the sulfonamides in the 1930s. Current concerns for management of acute otitis media (AOM) are multi-drug resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae and beta-lactamase producing Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis. In the USA, amoxicillin remains the drug for choice for AOM. Increasing the current dose to 80 mg/kg/day in two doses provides increased concentrations of drug in serum and middle ear fluid and captures additional resistant strains of S. pneumoniae. For children who fail initial therapy with amoxicillin an expert panel convened by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggested amoxicillin-clavulanate, cefuroxime axetil or intramuscular ceftriaxone. To protect the therapeutic advantage of antimicrobial agents used for AOM, it is important to promote judicious use of antimicrobial agents and avoid uses if it is likely that viral infections are the likely cause of the disease, to implement programs for parent education and to increase the accuracy of diagnosis of AOM. Conjugate polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccines are currently in clinical trial; early results indicate protective levels of antibody can be achieved with a three dosage schedule beginning at 2 months of age. Finally, alternative medicine remedies may be of value for some infectious diseases including AOM; garlic extract is bactericidal for the major bacterial pathogens of AOM but is heat- and acid-labile and loose activity when cooked or taken by mouth.
ceftin 250 antibiotic
Patients were randomized for placebo and 1 or 7 days antibiotic prophylaxis (cefuroxime or ciprofloxacin), starting 30 min before ESWL. Post-ESWL studies (immediately and 2 and 6 weeks after ESWL) included patient history, urine culture and Gram stain.
ceftin dose in children
This study compared the efficacy and tolerability of a 10-day course of 3 antimicrobial regimens commonly used to treat adults with ABECB.
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